Using technology and artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare has started a new era in managing risks. Prior to now, healthcare risk management was all about lowering the risks connected to processes and caring for patients. These included many things, like making sure patients were safe, following rules, and handling financial risks. Recent advances in technology and AI have, however, completely changed this field, giving us new ways to find, evaluate, and reduce risks in healthcare situations (Cayirtepe and ŞENEL, 2022).
The Evolution of Healthcare Risk Management
The main focus of healthcare risk management has changed from being reactive to being more proactive and predictive (Phillips, 2023). With old ways, things had to be done by hand, and risks were usually only found after something bad had happened. Compliance with government standards and minimizing potential liabilities were the main goals. Although, technology has changed the way healthcare risk management is done, now it is more data-driven, analytical, and proactive.
The Impact of Technology in Risk Management
- Data Analytics: EHRs and patient tracking systems are two types of healthcare data that can be used to help with risk estimates. Advanced data analytics methods are used by healthcare professionals to find trends and predict risks. Healthcare companies can lower these risks by looking at data about patient results, medication errors, and infection rates (Cascella, 2023).
- Electronic Health Records (EHRs): Electronic Health Records, or EHRs, have changed the way risk is managed in a big way. EHRs make patient information more accurate and easier to find while also cutting down on paperwork (Cayirtepe and ŞENEL, 2022). They help make sure that care teams talk to each other, find drug combinations, and keep track of patient records, all of which lower the risk of medical mistakes.
- Telemedicine and remote monitoring: Technologies have made healthcare services more available, especially for people with long-term illnesses and people who live in rural or poor areas. According to Porcaro (2023), continuous health monitoring lets you move quickly if something goes wrong and lowers the chance of problems happening.
The Role of AI in Transforming Healthcare Risk Management
AI has changed how healthcare risk is managed, predicted, and analyzed (Banja, 2020). AI systems can work with very large and difficult datasets and find new ideas.
- Predictive Analytics: For predictive insights in healthcare, AI systems are being used. They can use past data to guess how patients will do and what problems might arise, such as having to go to the emergency room or be readmitted. This helps doctors avoid bad outcomes early on.
- Automated Surveillance Systems: Systems that are run by AI can look at data in real time to find threats. They can keep an eye on illnesses that people get in hospitals to stop them from spreading.
- Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS): AI give doctors advice and information based on data. This technology looks at patient data and medical studies to help doctors make better diagnoses and treatments (Banja, 2020).
Challenges and Considerations
Concerns about data protection and security, as well as racial and ethnic issues linked to using AI in clinical decision-making, make it hard to seamlessly combine technology and AI in healthcare risk management. Here are some of the most important problems and pointers to think about:
Data privacy and security: Healthcare data is private, and breaching or unauthorized entry is a big worry. To deal with the unique risks that come with AI technologies, standard risk management methods might need to be changed (Porcaro, 2023).
Algorithmic bias and transparency: In healthcare decision-making, using AI raises worries about algorithmic bias and the need for AI ideas to be clear. This is especially important because healthcare data is very private and could change how well a patient does.
Liability and risk management: As AI technologies become more popular in healthcare, risk managers need to be ready for the legal and financial losses that could come with AI’s decisions and ideas. This could mean putting in place safety measures, finding solutions to issues, and making sure AI is used in a responsible manner (2023).
Injuries and errors: AI systems do make mistakes that can hurt people or cause other issues in healthcare. “Risk managers” need to think about mistakes that could happen and how they could impact patient care.
Data generation and availability: It can be hard to get data that is correct and useful for teaching and testing AI systems. Phillips (2023) says that reliable data must be provided in order for AI systems to be built and used effectively in healthcare.
Tech and AI have changed how healthcare risk is managed by giving nurses and doctors new ways to keep patients safer and give them better care. With the help of data analytics, EHRs, telemedicine, and AI, healthcare workers may be able to track and lower risks more quickly. But we have to deal with the issues and moral questions that these new technologies raise. Healthcare risk management will be shaped by new technologies, patient safety, data protection, and moral duty.
Cascella, L. M. (2023, December 20). Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Challenges and Risks. Retrieved from https://www.medpro.com/challenges-risks-artificial-intelligence
Cayirtepe, Z., & ŞENEL, A. C. (2022). Risk Management In Intensive Care Units With Artificial Intelligence Technologies: Systematic Review of Prediction Models Using Electronic Health
Records. Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences, 6(3), 958-976. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1968036
Banja, J. (2020, November). How Might Artificial Intelligence Applications Impact Risk Management? AMA Journal of Ethics, 22(11), 945-951. Retrieved from https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/how-might-artificial-intelligence-applications-impact-risk-management/2020-11
Porcaro, J. M. (2023, October 11). Artificial and augmented intelligence: Risk management considerations for healthcare. Retrieved from https://www.wtwco.com/en-us/insights/2023/10/artificial-and-augmented-intelligence-risk-management-considerations-for-healthcare
Phillips, R. (2023, November 6). AI in healthcare: How to manage artificial intelligence risk. Retrieved from https://www.wtwco.com/en-gb/insights/2023/11/ai-in-healthcare-how-to-manage-artificial-intelligence-risk